Shinshu bat E Asian Bat Research Institute

Japanese version

BATS in Shinshu (Highland of central Japan)



KO-U-MO-RI means bat in Japanese. We can see only insectivoly microbats in Japan main islands. But no one knows their present condition. Maybe industrial deveropments let decrease their habitats. We must research quickly Japanese environments for bats, and for us. This webpage is introduction to bats live in my county Shinshu where is highland and many mountains region in central Japan. Before now, 15 bats of Japanese 33 species ware recorded in Shinshu.

Bats list in Shinshu
Scientific nameJapanese nameJapanese name derivationRDBNagano regional RDB
---Rhinolophidae---
Rhinolophus ferrumequinumKIKUGASIRAhead with chrysanthemum flower
Rhinolophus cornutusKO-KIKUGASIRAlittle KIKUGASIRA
---Vespertilionidae---
Myotis macrodactylusMOMOJIROwhite thighNT
*Myotis pruinosusKURO-HOHIGEbrack HOHIGE(has whiskers)
Myotis ikonnikoviHIME-HOHIGElittle HOHIGE(has whiskers)ENEN
Myotis frater kaguyaeKAGUYAKaguya is the heroine of Japanese legend who was born from bamboo.VUCR
Myotis nattereriNORENleg membrane is like a Noren(curtain).EX
Pipistrellus abramusABURAold local name
Pipistrellus endoiMORI-ABURAforest living PipistrellusEN
Eptesicus japonensisKUBIWAnecklaceENEN
Nyctalus aviatorYAMAmountainVUVU
Vespertilio superansHINAprettyVUDD
*Barbastella leucomelasTITIBUTitibu is the name of place where recorded first.VU
Plecotus auritusUSAGIUsagi is a rabbit with long ear.VUNT
Miniopterus schreibersiYUBINAGAlong fingerCR
Murina leucogasterTENGUTeng is Japanese long nosed goblin.VUNT
Murina silvaticaKO-TENGUlittle TengVUDD
---Molossidae---
*Tadarida insignisOHIKIfree tailDD

* marked species ware not find in Shinshu but recorded in near prefecture.

RDB:Red List Categories by Japan Environment Agency(1998)
EN:Endangered
VU:Vulnerable
DD:Data Deficient

Nagano regional RDB:Red List Categories by Nagano prefectural government 2004
EX:Extinct
CR:Critically Endangered
EN:Endangered
VU:Vulnerable
NT:Near Threatened
DD:Data Deficient

Bat Watching News Shinshu


NAZOKOE visit cherry blossom watching.

NAZOKOE is unknown bat in Japan. Maybe it is Tadarida insignis. We can hear the cruising pulse on our ear. Because its echolocation pulse is 10-20KHZ. NAZO means mystery, and KO-E is voice. This mysterious voice is heard at the ruins of Takato castle which is very famous for spring cherry blossom.

ABURA-KOUMORI Watching

Abura koumori Watching is estalished in 1997 as a new project. We often look Pipistrellus abramus in our town. But no one knows its distribution correctly, our government also. We start collect appearance record in Japan. Pipistrellus abramus's Japanese name is ABURA-KOUMORI. This local name is origin of scientific name.

Nyctalus counting in Matsumoto valley

I know some roosts of Nyctalus aviator in Matsumoto valley. Big trees decreased, and tree holes suitable for bats ware also. Now the bats in this region are guessed under 500 individuals. Nyctalus aviator's Japanese name is YAMA-KOUMORI. Yama means mountain.

Bat banding in Shinshu

We search foraging area in daily behavior and seasonal migration. I use metal banding on bats' wings. And in a part of our research, we use radiotelemetory tracking.

Bats use new built the Norikura Bat House

We built a new bat house last year autumn. Good result came soon. Some species of bats living in Norikura highland are using in this season. Maybe, at least 2 species are bread at 1997 Summer.

Ultrasonic by bats
@Microbats ware characterised to 2 types by echolocation ultrasounds.
   CFiConsutant Frequency)type 

      Using ultrasounds detecter, converted sound are like "piroro-piroro-piroro".
      Recievable frequency is in narrow range.
Heterodyne converted ultrasound of perching Rhinolophus ferrumequinum

Pulses of CF type bat


   FM (Frequency Modulated)type

      Using ultrasounds detecter, converted sound are like "butu-butu-butu-butu".
      Sometimes we can hear like conpress pulse like "bububu". This is foraging.
Heterodyne converted ultrasound of cruising Nyctalus aviator

Pulses of FM type bat

Ultrasonic measurement during bat perching

Invitation to building bat house and bat boxes
Norikura highland bat house


Bat Festival in Japan

The KOUMORI(bat) FETIVAL is in every summer since 1995.

Traveling Exhibition J-BAT '99

'99 first session visit Shiga prefecture.

Bat folklore, culture, and art.

Bat designs in China and Japan.
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