Shinshu bat E
BATS in Shinshu (Highland of central Japan)
KO-U-MO-RI means bat in Japanese. We can see only insectivoly microbats
in Japan main islands. But no one knows their present condition. Maybe
industrial deveropments let decrease their habitats. We must research
quickly Japanese environments for bats, and for us. This webpage is
introduction to bats live in my county Shinshu where is highland and
many mountains region in central Japan. Before now, 15 bats of
Japanese 33 species ware recorded in Shinshu.
Bats list in Shinshu
* marked species ware not find in Shinshu but recorded in near prefecture.
RDB:Red List Categories by Japan Environment Agency(1998)
Nagano regional RDB:Red List Categories by Nagano prefectural government 2004
NAZOKOE visit cherry blossom watching.
NAZOKOE is unknown bat in Japan. Maybe it is Tadarida insignis.
We can hear the cruising pulse on our ear. Because its echolocation
pulse is 10-20KHZ. NAZO means mystery, and KO-E is voice. This mysterious
voice is heard at the ruins of Takato castle which is very famous for
spring cherry blossom.
Abura koumori Watching is estalished in 1997 as a new project. We often look Pipistrellus abramus
in our town. But no one knows its distribution correctly, our government also.
We start collect appearance record in Japan. Pipistrellus abramus's
Japanese name is ABURA-KOUMORI. This local name is origin of scientific name.
Nyctalus counting in Matsumoto valley
I know some roosts of Nyctalus aviator in Matsumoto valley. Big trees
decreased, and tree holes suitable for bats ware also. Now the bats in this
region are guessed under 500 individuals. Nyctalus aviator's Japanese
name is YAMA-KOUMORI. Yama means mountain.
Bat banding in Shinshu
We search foraging area in daily behavior and seasonal migration. I use
metal banding on bats' wings. And in a part of our research, we use
Bats use new built the Norikura Bat House
We built a new bat house last year autumn. Good result came soon. Some
species of bats living in Norikura highland are using in this season.
Maybe, at least 2 species are bread at 1997 Summer.
Ultrasonic by bats
@Microbats ware characterised to 2 types by echolocation ultrasounds.
Using ultrasounds detecter, converted sound are like "piroro-piroro-piroro".
Recievable frequency is in narrow range.
Heterodyne converted ultrasound of perching Rhinolophus ferrumequinum
Pulses of CF type bat
FM (Frequency Modulated)type
Using ultrasounds detecter, converted sound are like "butu-butu-butu-butu".
Sometimes we can hear like conpress pulse like "bububu". This is foraging.
Heterodyne converted ultrasound of cruising Nyctalus aviator
Pulses of FM type bat
Ultrasonic measurement during bat perching
Invitation to building bat house and bat boxes
Norikura highland bat house
Bat Festival in Japan
The KOUMORI(bat) FETIVAL is in every summer since 1995.
Traveling Exhibition J-BAT '99
'99 first session visit Shiga prefecture.
Bat folklore, culture, and art.
Bat designs in China and Japan.
Asian Bat Research Institute
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